Located on Massachusetts’ northeast coast, Ipswich is home to the Crane Estate. Comprised of three distinct places—Castle Hill (a National Historic Landmark), Crane Beach, and the Crane Wildlife Refuge—the Crane estate once belonged to one of America’s wealthiest families. Castle Hill, illustrated in this 1893 bird’s-eye view, was a farm for centuries before becoming a grand summer estate, complete with stately mansion, European-style outbuildings and gardens. Today tour groups explore the estate, and to the estate’s east, beachgoers enjoy Crane Beach, known for its miles of shoreline and trails. Nearby, in the center of the Essex River Estuary, is the Crane Wildlife Refuge.