The final image of Jerusalem in Civitates Orbis Terrarum is the most dramatic. It appeared in the fourth volume on two pages, which are displayed here as a single sheet. Rather than a birds eye view, this depiction is more of a pictorial map, showing the facades of buildings placed adjacent to the streets and not drawn in perspective. As the extended title indicates, the map was compiled by Adrichem, a Dutch theologian and cartographer, to depict Jerusalem at the time of Christ. Adrichems map was originally published in 1584, but Braun and Hogenberg republished it with little change, except for the orientation. The original map, with a horizontal format, was oriented with west at top. In the Civitates, the map was rotated to a vertical format, placing north at the top. The map presents an imaginary conception of the city, with many buildings depicted as 16th century European structures. In addition there are 270 numbered and captioned scenes, showing sites or events mentioned in the Bible and other historical sources. Some date back to Kings David and Solomon, but many record events surrounding the life and crucifixion of Jesus. Published 1584 or 1588.